FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2 Program (simplified as FORMOSAT-7 Program in the following descriptions) is a major collaboration space program between Taiwan and the U.S. In this collaboration program, the designated representative for Taiwan is NSPO (National Space Organization) and the designated representative for the U.S. is NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration). FORMOSAT-7 Program is a follow-on program to the successful FORMOSAT-3 Program with upgraded performance for spacecraft bus and mission payload.
The FORMOSAT-7 Program calls for 12 mission specific orientated satellites plus one NSPO-Built satellite. The 12-satellites are planned to be launched and deployed in two clusters of 6-satellites into the designated low and high inclination orbits in 2016 and 2018, respectively. The NSPO-Built satellite that is planned to be launch in the second cluster will enhance the usefulness of the FORMOSAT-7 constellation and will be served as the space qualification platform for the self-reliant key components for the future standard bus of this class. The mission architecture is as shown below:
▲ FORMOSAT-7 Mission Architecture
FORMOSAT-7 constellation can provide 8000 sounding data per day. The data will contribute to weather forecast and climate observation. The data distribution simulation for 3-hr coverage by FORMOSAT-7 constellation is shown below: